Now that we’re all in the mood to question extravagantly funded scientists, perhaps we should take a look at the tomfoolery involved in global carbon dioxide monitoring. C02 is the boogy-man, right? Well, it seems that taking a close look at how the big guy puts up the big numbers is in order right about now.
The U.S. NOAA openly admits to producing a CO2 record which “contains no actual data.” Two of the five NOAA “baseline” stations are downwind from erupting volcanoes. All five are subject to localized or regional CO2 sources. Hmmm.
Climategate collaborator Dr. Andrew Manning worked with Dr. David Keeling, founder of the Mauna Loa Observatory, where atmospheric CO2 is measured. Manning, whose name appears in 37 Climategate emails, tells BBC:
“The goal behind starting the measurements was to see if it was possible to track what at that time was only a suspicion: that atmospheric CO2 levels might be increasing owing to the burning of fossil fuels.”
Mauna Loa has been producing a readout which supports Manning’s “goal” by showing steady growth in atmospheric CO2 concentrations since 1959. This is known as the Keeling Curve, a beloved datapoint of Al Gore’s.
Just thirty miles from the observatory, Kilauea’s Pu`u O`o vent sends 3.3 million metric tons of CO2 into the atmosphere every year. It has been erupting continuously since 1983. Since 2008 it has been joined by a second eruption even closer to the Observatory — from Halema`uma`u Crater at the top of Kilauea. Pu`u O`o sends the equivalent of the yearly CO2 production from an average city of 660,000 people into the air. Air trajectory charts show that most of the air reaching Mauna Loa Observatory first passes over Pu`u O`o and Halema`uma`u.
What about the other 4 baseline monitoring stations? Surprise, surprise. All of them– The South Pole, American Samoa; Trinidad Head, CA; and Pt. Barrow, AK — are subject to localized, and in some cases regional, CO2 influences. From The American Thinker:
The American Samoa observatory is about 150 miles downwind from where the one-mile wide Nafanua volcano has emerged. The undersea volcano is described by University of Sydney marine scientist Dr. Adele Pile as producing an undersea environment with an acidic pH of 3 (similar to vinegar), carbon dioxide bubbling up “like champagne,” and extremely hot venting water so toxic that “any life swimming into this pit immediately dies, except these amazing scavenging worms.” Woods Hole oceanographers report they “discovered that hot, smoggy water from the crater was spilling over the top or through breaches in the crater rim and billowing outward. It formed a halo around the rim that was hundreds of feet thick and extended more than 4 miles.” In addition, Samoa’s lush tropical vegetation is a big daytime consumer of CO2 thus dropping CO2 levels sharply during the day and raising them sharply at night.
Trinidad Head Observatory is on a Northern California peninsula jutting into the Pacific about twenty miles north of Eureka, CA. Like Samoa, Trinidad Head is subject to substantial vegetation-driven changes in CO2 levels from the surrounding temperate forests and wetlands. The prevailing winds come in off the Pacific, which are influenced by coal-happy China.
The South Pole Observatory is just yards away from a power plant which burns jet fuel 365 days a year to provide electricity and heat for Amundsen Station. (Researchers claim that prevailing winds come from the opposite direction.) It is also about 800 miles from Antarctica’s Mt. Erebus volcano, which has continuously erupted since 1972. Because the atmosphere’s ability to carry water vapor is cut approximately in half by every ten-degree-C drop in temperature, the extremely low temperatures at the South Pole mean that only trace amounts of water vapor are in the atmosphere. CO2 mixes with water vapor in the atmosphere to form H2CO3 (carbonic acid), giving rainfall a slightly acidic pH and washing CO2 from the air. The uniquely dry and cold conditions of the South Pole prevent this from occurring, thus altering the natural atmospheric carbon elimination process and magnifying the effect of CO2 sources. Amundsen Station personnel and emissions from the 12,000-foot Mt. Erebus volcano are also implicated in the 1990s ozone hole scam.
The Observatory at Point Barrow, Alaska is about 170 miles downwind from the Prudhoe Bay headquarters of the North Slope oil industry. It is therefore subject to a localized increase in man-made air pollution, including CO2 emissions. Coincidentally, of course, the Barrow Observatory was established in 1973 — just before construction began on the Trans-Alaska Pipeline. Barrow is also annually subject to several months of “Arctic haze,” which University of Alaska Geophysicist Ned Rozell indicates is from ex-Soviet and new Chinese “iron, nickel and copper smelters and inefficient coal-burning plants.”
CO2 produced by China is being used to justify carbon-caps on the U.S. and Europe. The Pacific bias of these five “baseline” locations is hard to miss. If one were seeking CO2 increases, downwind of China would be the place to find them, no?
“GLOBALVIEW-CO2 is derived from measurements but contains no actual data. To facilitate use with carbon cycle modeling studies, the measurements have been processed (smoothed, interpolated, and extrapolated) resulting in extended records that are evenly incremented in time.”
Wow. That sounds an awful lot like University Of East Anglia-speak to me.
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